The Romans called Lacus Pelsónak; majorságokat, villas were built in the coastal region, and - especially in the northern - grapes planted in the sunny slopes. The Slavs, called Balaton, apparently due to extensive wetlands. The conquerin
g Hungarians occupied after a few battles in the Lake District is:
settled, preserved and propagated in the villages, churches and monasteries were built. Related to the memory of the oldest language in the charter have survived, which I Arpad Andrew King in 1055, he founded the Benedictine abbey. XII-XIII. century stone church built in many villages, and later moved to the towns development. The lake, dating from 1514, the first Hungarian map-a representation of the Secretary of the Archbishop of Esztergom Tamás Bakócz Lazarus deak thanks.
XVI. century, published in Turkish, and in 1541 from the chaos of war all the time, burst upon the cruelty of the Balaton mellékére well. The 150-year rule at the time, especially in the southern coastal villages fogyatkoztak, only the castle remained in Hungarian hands Fonyód, but also the people of the north coast villages in large part to the Turks after tax. Established along the northern coast of the Hungarian border castle, which at the time of castles in the Kuruc war (1704-1709) came back role. Among other
things, Veszprém, Keszthely, Nagyvázsony Sümeg fortresses and then also became prominent again fontosságúakká.
Reform of the civilization of the Lake opened a new era of tourism in his life. 1728 in the northern partmellék vine related to the first bathhouse was built, at the end of the century, more or less under nyárilakok prestigious hotel has also built the spa had discovered. In the mid-1800s, first appeared in the steam, but the new era began for the whole life of Lake Balaton, which opened in 1861, the Southern Railway, and began a regular rail transport between Budapest and Nagykanizsa. The slowly unfolding, thermal and üdülőélet stimulating the lake-side settlements that are among Balatonfured savanyúvízforrásaival had already played a key role in the tourist area of domestic life. Balatonfüred is a real time national center: the era of social and political leading figures in the literary life is very here for each meeting. István Széchenyi and Lajos Kossuth, Ferenc Deák and Miklós Wesselényi just reversed here, as Berzsenyi Kazinczy Ferenc Mihály Vörösmarty.
Regular shipping start of the 1900s, initiated from the beginning of industrialization, especially in the high-bányaüzemek development, as well as along the northern coast Székesfehérvár-Tapolca railway line, the urban development of the population to thrive resulting in the Balaton region. Between 1920 and 1940 a number of private villa - including social, Blaha also Lujzáé holiday, hotel and guest house was established in the northern and the rapidly developing gentle, sandy partum south side. In addition to already wealthy bourgeoisie Keszthely, Siófok and Balatonlelle üdülőtelepeit also likes to visit. Gyógyvízforrásokra underpinned by a series of sanatoria was opened in Hévíz and in Balatonfüred.
Quite large relative to the devastation of World War II coastal tourist resorts of Lake Balaton, as the front passed through the coast. Revived slowly rebuild the region, but the planned reconstruction, the establishment of large-scale tourism bring about a conscious ideas, our country is now one of the most allowed this area of countryside. Mountains and hills, early century cellars and charming inns, camping, and comfortable hotels, during the past memories and the ever-present waiting for our renewable. The hospitality of the people of Lake Balaton, Lake Balaton Uplands volcanic mountains and Badacsony bazaltsíkjain wine producer in the Kis-Balaton, the unique fauna of far-famed. The nature extremely beautiful and varied scenery, a pleasant lake and radiating peace, charming villages await the rest or recreation.
The formation of Lake Balaton region
The surface of Lake Balaton is almost exactly the middle of Transdanubia shining, located northeast-southwest direction. North of the Transdanubian Mountains, was built of hard rock hills, bordered by Lake
Balaton, in the west and south of the Somogy-Zala hills of sand and clay in the gentle hil ls and framed them ékelődött tőzegmezők. Mezőföld bounded by the east, which is 60-80 m above the surface of the lake rises above the mirror, and then tear down the steep walls of the lake. The perpetual nature of change has created millions of years long this diversified, colorful landscape. The lake itself is relatively young formation, making the age of 22000-20000 years. The Balaton region, the observed surface of the oldest remnants of the Carboniferous period. Then ran a huge mountain of today's Lake Balaton. This submerged mountain range, today, only the peaks appear in the later sections of deposits from. The Permian period (240-200 million years ago) formed the Vörösberény Badacsonytomaj-red sandstone in the region. They are also powder máladéka and red soils formed on these excellent wines and beautiful forests díszlenek her room. The Triassic period at the beginning of the Mediterranean ancestor, the fields of our country Thetys islands conjure the sea in various üledékéből rocks formed. Plate dolomite deposited, which settled in layers of shale and homokköves. In this age of the oldest formations of limestone and marl as well.
The dolomite márgára installed, the Keszthely Mountains, Lake Balaton Uplands dolomitjának then formed the bulk of the marine sediment. The Jurassic and Cretaceous period was szárazulat this region. The rural-Sümeg vöröstarka clays felmelegedéséről the climate and the landscape gradually elsivatagosodásáról their testimony. The subsequent geological centuries in the desert climate is characterized by that time the sea again covered the surface of this region. The Pliocene and Miocene period (25-5 million years) was now a strong kéregmozgás Carpathian Basin. The mountains and sank in the shallow sea covered the place. The sea is one of the rivers flowing into the bay hordalékának effect lefűződött gradually, and the resulting inland sea, with water flowing into the rivers elédesítették Pannonian Sea called science. The sea water of a few species of living, but they are an incredible crowd. Was most common among the so-called kecskeköröm by the people involved in the Lake Balaton mondájába generation as well, and which in fact kagylóbúb. The remains of Pannon sea sand and the Salföld Kővágóörs between natural phenomenon, the Kotenger, once the thermal összecementálták sands, kéregmozgások later, and then cut the ice. The Somogyi halomvidék a whole, from this period.
At the end of the Pliocene period, a new kéregmozgások wringing deeper layers of volcanic activity started with a memory of the Balaton region basalt. These are among the most beautiful in the Tapolca Basin Butte, including: Badacsony, Szentgyörgyhegy, and Csobánc Szigliget. The Lake Balaton, Somogyi banks owe their existence to the volcanic activity and Balatonboglar Fonyód buildings. The most famous monument utóvulkáni operation of the thermal lake, which attracts thousands of people in this region curative hot water and carbonated and non-metal mineral resources in Balatonfüred, Csopak and Kékkúti. Development of the landscape around the Lake Balaton besüllyedése ditch újpleisztocén age was the most significant change, then the modern image of the same alapformái developed. The shell of the lake water impermeable clay sediment formed, the water of the rain, snow and water build up in the influent. Today's catchment area of over 5,000 square kilometers, the Zala river outside the Balaton Highlands streams, during which local people Séd known as the Somogyi-fed and coastal resources.